The 328th Airlift Squadron traces its lineage to the 3rd Combat Cargo Squadron, activated on April 14, 1944 and formed in response to the need to resupply ground forces in the China-Burma-India Theater during World War II. Combat Cargo Squadrons were considered an elite branch of the Transport Command and would, for the first time, supply an entire army exclusively from the air.
In August 1944, the Squadron, equipped with C-47 aircraft, deployed to the CBI Theater where it earned a Distinguished Unit Citation and four campaign streamers. On September 29, 1945, while operating from Kunming, China, the unit was redesignated the 328th Troop Carrier Squadron. The Squadron was deactivated in December 1945 and reactivated in the Air Force Reserves in 1948.
The 328th was then moved three times before assignment to the 914th Airlift Wing at the Niagara Falls Air Reserve Station in NY in March 1958. The Squadron was equipped with C-119 aircraft. In October 1962 during the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Squadron was recalled to active duty.
The unit converted to C-130A aircraft in December 1970 and then to C-130E aircraft in June 1986. From October 4, 1990 to April 11, 1991 the 328th was called to active duty and deployed to the United Arab Emirates in support of Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm. Shortly after returning to Niagara Falls, the Squadron converted to new C-130H3 aircraft and received an Air Force Outstanding Unit Award. In June 1996, a 328th crew was awarded the BEST AIRDROP CREW honors at the Airlift Rodeo. From March 3 to February 27, 2003, the squadron was activated in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. The unit activated again from August 27 to November 13, 2005 in support of Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom. The Squadron continues to fly contingency, humanitarian, and disaster relief missions worldwide.